It seems most everyone believes in racial equality. However, even a cursory examination of the evidence (both observational and experimental) has demonstrated that different races exhibit different general trends in behavior while gaps in achievement persist in spite of intensive social, political, and economic interventions over the past half century. Most everyone believes in racial equality, but the evidence clearly and consistently demonstrates persistent differences that are resistant to amelioration.
Therefore, with all the evidence clearly demonstrating racial differences, why do people believe the races are, for the most part, equal and that, in the absence of discrimination and the presence of equal opportunity, racial differences would all but disappear? Why is racial equality a pervasive sociopolitical policy throughout the civilized world in spite of the lack of evidence that group differences are non-existent in the presence of equal environments?
This is not a question of why group differences exist, be they environmental, biological, or some combination of the two, although I welcome your hypotheses on the subject. I simply want to know why YOU believe in racial equality. What is your evidence? If you have no evidence (e.g., you simply believe its the ethical thing to do), then how does your belief differ from religious faith?
FWIW, I believe group differences exist between human populations and that these differences are a mix of environmental and biological etiology (the precise ratio of which has yet to be determined).
I voted for the last option because the term "Equality" wasn't qualified. Equality in what sense? No man is equal to another and black is not equal to white as they are opposites. Two trees standing next to one another, of the same species, planted at the same time are equal in some parameters, but not others; they are for instance not the same shape, nor in actual substance the same, nor in a spacial sense as they occupy differing locations in space ect. So to say the races are the "same"...in what sense? IQ? There are differing averages. Emotionally? We are products of our genetic past, which is influenced by trauma that is heritable and influenced also by culture. Physically? Obviously not. So in what way do you mean equal? You can't mean that we have equal rights because that would be either a matter of opinion or practice and is up to the philosophers to decide. There is no good answer to this question that I can see. Except perhaps a metaphysical one, but that so often disappoints people. I don't believe science has any business getting involved in this sort of topic as it is merely a tool of thought that exists to discover what things are and how they work so that we may exploit the natural world. To use science otherwise is unethical in my opinion. Ethics and their basis should therefore be a higher priority to the scientist than science as he must know when to apply the method and when not to. Here, in the question of racial equality, science has nothing meaningful to add. We know that differences exist, that is so plain to see that we automatically demarcate between the different groups by assigning them to races of people...kinda obvious now ya think about it hu?
So perhaps a question like this ought to be framed properly in the asking. If not, the question loses its power and becomes yet another rhetorical thread to be picked up or dropped by any passerby or dogmatist out to prove a point. I'm not attempting to cast shade on anyone (with the exception of dogmatists. Fuck em) least of all scientists, but I do wish to draw attention to the fact that questions have power only when they are the right questions; that is, that the intent should match the design. Form follows function. Consider what you mean to ascertain before forming you inquiry and form it such that the answer will address your intent.
"Races" is a pretty unclear notion.
All demographics can be differentiated in various ways. Overlapping bell curves. "Innate differences" do exist among any group chosen, but the groups overlap too.
What of it?
There should be equality under the law. And there will still be differences.